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The fact that Russia/USSR was the first to launch a man to orbit the Earth is unbeatable. The Space Exploration Museum in Moscow is there to reveal the adventurous and fascinating story of how the USSR team of scientists, engineers and military test pilots – and even dogs! - made it to the space, around the Earth and even beyond, to Mars and Venus.
Museum of the Great Patriotic War in the Victory park contains two levels with the memorial halls of Grief and Glory. In 6 dioramas in the first level images of major battles of the Eastern front (Moscow, Stalingrad, St.Petersburg, Kursk, Kiev, Berlin) are reconstructed quite vividly. The second level represents samples of weapons and amunition of two armies, along with the big collection of photoes, artifacts (including Stalin's desk from the Kremlin study) and installations.
This museum was erected 150 years after the battle of Borodino to house the 115-meter long, 15-meter high 360° painting of the battle on Sept.7, 1812. The battle was fought 85 km West of Moscow on the vast field near the village Borodino between Napoleon on the French side and Kutusov on the Russian side. The panorama painted by a well known battle painters Franz Roubaud is an amazing feat of artistic and historical reconstruction.
A prominent building in Red Square featured in many photographs, the State History Museum is an attraction on its own right. This place is worth a visit inside – big and spacious, no other museum would give you a more comprehensive and coherent overview of the Russian history from the times when giant mammoths roamed the Russian plan in the Ice Age until the Revolution of 1917.
The Diamond Fund of Russia is located within the Armoury inside the Kremlin, but it is a museum of a different kind. It features the collection of Russian Crown Jewels, presents precious stones and metals mined on the territory of Russia – from emeralds and rubies to diamonds to rare nuggets of gold and platinum. It belongs to the Ministry of Finance and is one of three of the most famous in the world.
The cities of Vladimir and Suzdal are far older than Moscow and were prosperous medieval cities while Moscow was just a small settlement on the boundary of Vladimir-Suzdal principality. Vladimir and Suzdal are located 200km to the northeast of Moscow, and 30 km away from each other. One-day round-trip tour necessitates early departure from Moscow and late arrival.
Leo Tolstoy - the author behind such classics as Anna Karenina and War and Peace. His works has been translated into dozens of languages, and he is recognized as one of the greatest writers of the world. No wonder Leo Tolstoy, even in the Soviet time, has been a cultural icon whose life and works have been carefully studied and whose houses and belongings have been carefully preserved.
St. Trinity and Sergius Monastery is the centerpiece of Sergiev Posad, a town located 60 km (40 miles) away from Moscow. If you have a day to spare and would like to experience a little bit of real Russia, it is a good idea to travel to this pristine place; it’s also a chance to see the Russian countryside, fields, forests and ubiquitous dacha houses.